Waste and Recycling
Want to Learn more about Recycling?
Recycling Process: The aluminum is shredded, melted, and poured into ingots. The ingots are rolled into sheets. The process for recycling an aluminum can into a new can takes less than six weeks.
A more detailed explanation of the process can be found at http://earth911.com/recycling/metal/aluminum-can/
Learn about the Life Cycle of An Aluminum Can at http://www.novelis.com/Pages/Recycling.aspx
Advantages to recycling aluminum:
- There is no limit to the number of times aluminum can be recycled
- 95% decrease in air pollution
- 97% decrease in water pollution
- 95% decrease in energy consumption
- Saves 4 tons of bauxite and 1,500 pounds of petroleum coke and pitch for every ton of reused aluminum
An informative look at the environmental benefits of recycled aluminum can be found at http://www.novelis.com/Pages/Recycling.aspx
Products made from recycled aluminum:
- Pie Pans
- House Siding
- Small Appliances
- Lawn Furniture
- Aluminum Foil
More on Aluminum:
Build Your Own Can Man at http://www.novelis.com/Pages/Recycling.aspx
Jimmy Neutron Movie Clip
Recycling Process: The glass is separated by color then crushed into small pieces called cullet. The cullet is transported to a glass manufacturing plant and mixed with sand, soda ash and limestone (minerals that come out of the ground). This mixture is heated until it liquefies then it is poured into molds and blown into its final shape.
A more detailed explanation of the process can be found at http://www.recycle-more.co.uk/nav/page638.aspx or
Learn about the Life Cycle of a Glass Container at: http://www.gvrd.bc.ca/recycling-and-garbage/pdfs/facts-glass.pdf
Advantages to recycling glass:
Glass is 100% recyclable and can be recycled endlessly.
- 20% decrease in air pollution
- 80% decrease in mining waste
- 50% decrease in water consumption
- 50% decrease in energy consumption
An informative look at the environmental benefits of recycled glass can be found at http://www.gpi.org/recycling/environment/
For the history of glass check out http://www.glassworks.org/product_stewardship/story.html
Products made from recycled glass:
- Glass bottles and jars
- Glasphalt (a paving material)
More on Glass:
Don’t Lose Your Bottle Game:
Recycling Process: The paper is put into a big vat containing water and chemicals. In this vat the paper is chopped into small pieces and heated until it becomes a pulp. This pulp is forced through screens containing small holes or spun in large cylinders in order to remove contaminants like staples, plastic and glue. The pulp then goes through a de-inking process. The pulp eventually will be mixed with water and chemicals and then sprayed onto a machine that extrudes the paper.
A more detailed explanation of the process can be found at http://www.tappi.org/paperu/all_about_paper/earth_answers/EarthAnswers_Recycle.pdf
Advantages to making paper from recycled paper vs. virgin wood pulp:
- 74% decrease in air pollution
- 35% decrease in water pollution
- 58% decrease in water consumption
- 40% decrease in energy consumption
An informative look at the environmental benefits of recycled paper can be found at http://greenpressinitiative.org/documents/Environmental%20Benefits%20of%20Recycled%20Paper.pdf
Products made from recycled paper:
- Corrugated Boxes
- Boxboard such as cereal boxes, tissue boxes, shoeboxes
- Kraft paper
- Tissue paper and paper towels
- Building materials
There are several types of plastic. The most commonly recycled plastics are high density polyethylene (HDPE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE). Water and soda bottles are usually #1 (PET) and laundry soap bottles and opaque, harder plastic jugs and bottles are usually #2 (HDPE). Plastic bottles and jugs are placed in recycling bins or drop-off containers, and are collected and brought to a (MRF) Materials Recycling Facility. The material is sorted according to the number on the container (the number on plastic containers indicates the particular type of plastic that was used to construct the container).
Afterwards, the plastic is baled and loaded onto semi-trailer trucks. The plastic is transported from the MRF to a plastic manufacturing mill where it is cleaned, washed and either cut into flakes by a grinder or pelletized. Then the flakes or pellets are melted and stretched to form plastic fiber. Recycled plastic can be used to make a variety of products including t-shirts, carpets, pillows, fiberfill for sleeping bags, and jacket stuffing, more recycled plastic containers, hoses, pens, notebooks and many more products. HDPE plastic can be melted and made into material that looks like wood (and lasts longer, does not need as much maintenance, termites don’t like it and it saves trees). Often seen as benches, tables, signs and decks.
Interesting Facts about Plastic Recycling:
- In 2006, Americans drank about 167 bottles of water each, but only recycled an average of 38 bottles per person, which equals about 50 billion plastic bottles consumed, only 23% being recycled. That leaves 38 billion water bottles in landfills.
- Manufacturing bottled water uses over 1.5 million barrels of oil per year. In one year, that’s enough to oil to fuel 100,000 cars.
- Plastic bottles go to landfills and take 700 years before they start to decompose.
- In 2006 we spent $15 billion on bottled water. Consider using tap water and refilling one container. This saves oil (a non-renewable natural resource) energy in manufacturing and processing and landfill space!
- The first PET (plastic # 1) bottle was recycled in 1977.
- Five PET bottles will provide enough fiber to make an extra-large t-shirt.
- It takes five two-liter PET bottles to make one square foot of carpet. *
- It takes 35 two-liter PET bottles to make enough fiberfill for a ski jacket. *
- It takes 1,050 milk jugs to make a 6 foot plastic park bench. **
- Every hour Americans consume 2 ½ million plastic bottles. **
Source: * NAPCOR
** Recyclers’ Handbook
For more information, please visit the American Plastics Council website at www.plasticsresource.com
Get to know your recyclable plastics by number.
At Planet Green get the scoop on which ones are safe and easy to recycle.
Plastic Bag Statistics:
- It takes 1000 years for a plastic bag to decompose.
- The average family in the United States uses 1,460 plastic bags per year.
- 12 million barrels of oil are used annually to produce the plastic bags used in the U.S.
- Less than 1% of all plastic bags get recycled in the U.S.
- 88.5 billion plastic bags were consumed in the U.S. last year.
- Worldwide, more than a million plastic bags are used every minute.
- Roughly 60–80% of all marine debris, and 90% of floating debris is plastic.
- Each year, the State of California spends approximately $25 million to landfill discarded plastic bags.
- Plastic bags, which resemble jellyfish or sponges, cause harm to seabirds, marine mammals, fish, and sea turtles.
Recycling Process: The steel is separated into different grades of steel. It is torched and shredded into scrap. The scrap is remelted into new steel products.
A more detailed explanation of the process can be found at http://www.recycle-steel.org/PDFs/education/lifecycle.pdf
Advantages to recycling steel:
Steel cans are 100% recyclable.
- 86% decrease in air pollution
- 76% decrease in water pollution
- 40% decrease in water consumption
- 95% decrease in energy consumption
- 97% decrease in mining wastes
Products made from recycled steel:
More on Steel:
Roscoe’s Recycle Room
Click here for a list of library resources. Information on Solid Waste, Recycling, and Composting for all grade levels, Kindergarten - High School.
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: A Daufuskie Island Conservancy Update
The Daufuskie Island Conservancy began communicating with Beaufort County’s Solid Waste and Recycling Deparatment in 2006 in an effort to bring island-wide recycling to Daufuskie. Due to county scheduling and funding, this effort is only now coming to fruition. In the meantime, recycling was begun in a private community on the island, funded by the residents of that community. This effort has removed tons of plastic, cardboard, tin/aluminum, clear glass and green/brown glass from the island.
We are working with island residents who are looking at ways to use island waste in businesses on the island. These businesses would especially focus on glass for concrete and drain fields and on food waste for composting.
Completed projects include participating in Beaufort County’s Hazardous Waste Day when we collected household chemicals, paint and batteries from island residents. We also participated in the county’s Electronics Waste Day. Island residents contributed a trailer full of old computers, televisions, stereos, phones and other obsolete or non-operable electronics.
We are currently looking at suppliers of compostable food containers for use by island restaurants.
Due to our island setting and the necessity for barging all commodities onto the island and barging all trash off of the island, we are focusing on using what we have on the island and minimizing what we barge off of the island. These efforts not only save money, but protect our environment.
County to Move Forward on Daufuskie Island Waste Center
July 19, 2010
Despite objections from some residents, Beaufort County is forging ahead with plans to build a new convenience center to replace the county-operated collection of industrial-sized garbage containers on Daufuskie Island. Opponents, including a nearby landowner who filed an unsuccessful lawsuit to stop the project, have appealed without success for the county to abandon the project.
Some opponents want the county to pick a different site and build a facility that could accommodate waste and recycling from people who live inside and outside the gates of the bridgeless island's private communities. The existing, 19-year-old facility -- intended for residents who do not get curbside service through a private community -- was supposed to be temporary and is in a historic Gullah neighborhood, they say. Jean Newton of Fairfax, Va., a plaintiff in the dismissed suit, called the county's plan "unconscionable." She and her husband, Don, own land within sight of the existing facility. That land was once occupied by her great-grandmother. After learning of the project late last year, they filed suit against the county's Zoning Board of Appeals in February, arguing the county did not properly consider the community's interests, they said. "The county would have you believe they really care about Daufuskie," Jean Newton said Saturday. "If the county really cared about Daufuskie, they would sit down and talk to the people on Daufuskie to learn what they wanted."
County officials, who spent about three years developing the plan and recently started site work, say the project's opponents have not presented a viable alternative. They say the $300,000-plus project should pay for itself by creating a cleaner, more efficient operation that would provide recycling to residents for the first time and be landscaped, fenced and staffed with an attendant, public works director Eddie Bellamy said. New, covered containers equipped with compactors could cut in half the $100,000 the county spends each year to ship waste off the island by barge, he said. By contrast, the existing facility's unattended, open-air containers are difficult to monitor for illegal dumping, smell bad and attract buzzards and vermin, Bellamy said. Of all the places where Beaufort County collects waste from residents, only the Daufuskie site truly can be called a "dump," he said. Residents have complained about it since he started in his job about nine years ago, he said.
Some Daufuskie Islanders now think they have a better idea, however. The Daufuskie Island Council, a group elected to represent the island in an unofficial vote earlier this year, asked in May that the county delay construction until it could investigate the prospect of a public-private venture to provide waste management and recycling for the entire island at a different site. Last month, the group suggested such a venture be located on land owned by Daufuskie Site Prep and offered for a low-cost, long-term lease.
The group's suggestion is "much less desirable" than the existing site for many reasons, Bellamy said. For example, it only is accessible by private road, would require costly new engineering and might not meet size and open-space requirements, he said. Collecting both residential and commercial waste at the same location also could be complicated because those bringing commercial waste are responsible for it until it reaches a landfill, Bellamy said. Having a separate site for each type of waste doesn't mean public and private entities couldn't band together to pay for transportation, he said.
Even though the Daufuskie council continues to advocate for a future island-wide system, it has opted to stop fighting the county's current plans, chairman Aaron Crosby said. Those plans were set before the council's election, but the group expects to be consulted in such matters in the future, he said. The group expressed disappointment with the county's decision to move forward in a letter to County Council Chairman Weston Newton dated July 14. "As a council, we remain committed to the concept of a 'one-island, comprehensive' solid waste and recycling facility," Crosby wrote in the letter. "To that end, we would like to begin working with county staff immediately on how best to implement the private-sector component of that solution."
Unless otherwise specified, all articles from The Island Packet are Copyright � 2010 The Island Packet and all articles from The Beaufort Gazette are Copyright � 2010 The Beaufort Gazette.
One Island Consolidated Waste and Recycling Facility
October 31st, 2010
A recent eighteen month study, by our Waste and Recycling Committee, found compelling evidence that a one stop, “One Island Consolidated Waste and Recycling Facility” would be an efficient and progressive solution for the collection of waste and recycling generated by island residences and businesses.
Residential waste and recycling would be collected at the Facility. Individuals, or operators representing private households, would bring their waste and recycling to the Facility for sorting. After all recyclable goods are removed, the remaining solid waste would be compacted. Beaufort County would then become responsible for removing this compacted residential waste from Daufuskie Island. The expense of removing the compacted solid residential waste from the island to the landfill is paid for, and provided for, in county taxes paid by the homeowner.
Commercial waste and recycling would also be collected at the Facility. Commercial waste includes all construction and demolition debris, restaurant waste, and waste from operations such as the school, church, museum, fire station, and island celebrations. Commercial vendors would bring their waste and recycling to the Facility for sorting. After all their recyclable goods are removed, the remaining solid waste would then be weighed. The commercial vendor would pay a competitive per pound rate to the managing overseer of the Facility for the legal removal of their solid waste from the island to the landfill.
Hutton Brother’s Construction would be the managing overseer of the Facility. They would be licensed and insured to handle all facets of the One Island Consolidated Waste and Recycling Facility. In addition to handling the commercial solid waste, they would work with the county to provide for legal removal of electronics, white goods, light bulbs, batteries, and other hazardous wastes collected from the island. Hutton Brother’s Construction would also be in the production of smooth, pulverized, glass “gravel” from the island’s recycled glass. This “gravel” would be used for island drainage fields, road beds and structural concrete projects.
Pratt Industries would operate the recycling segment. Pratt Industries, (prattindustries.com) is the sixth largest paper and packaging company in the United States and currently has the recycling contract for the city of Savannah. They consume all recovered paper for their own packaging products, and sell the remaining plastics and metals to other end users. Pratt would be responsible for collecting and removing all paper products, metals, and No.1 and No. 2 plastics from the island.
The Greenery would operate the commercial composting segment at the Facility. It is well known that food waste makes up approximately 40% of all waste in a landfill. As it decomposes in landfills, it generates methane, a greenhouse gas. Composting of food waste on Daufuskie, and also the composting of yard debris, would remove this volume from the landfill and create a valuable ingredient for the many gardens on the island.
Daufuskie Site Prep would operate a state-of-the-art incinerator that would produce electricity while burning unwanted debris. They would also be licensed and insured to produce lumber from the trees that are being removed from the island’s maritime forest.
The Location of the Comprehensive Waste and Recycling Facility would be temporary at first. Until the CP committee, with islander input, has a agreed upon a permanent location, the first One Island Solution Waste Facility will most probably be located at an already existing transfer station. After proper studies, permitting and licensing have occurred, the permanent location would then be ready to be built on. This process of locating and building a permanent location may take up to 3 – 5 years.
Additional facts:If Island residences and businesses would recycle paper products, No. 1 and No. 2 plastics, and metal, it is projected to reduce the amount of solid waste leaving the island by 50% or more. This aggressive recycling program would greatly reduce the amount of solid waste needing to be barged off the island to an already brimming landfill at Hickory Hill.
Having a One Island Waste and Recycling Facility provides new sustainable business for Daufuskie Island.
Daufuskie Island is home to many enthusiastic environmentalists who deeply care about their island. This progressive, “green”, One Island Waste and Recycling Facility is our answer to this ongoing waste stream.